|Yardlong Bean Blossom|
January and February Trees will start to go into dormancy. This will be evidenced by leaf drop, so don't be alarmed. When the leaves drop, this is a good time to restrict watering to a meager schedule. This includes atemoya (January, February)
February, March or April rambutans may be blossoming.
December, January, February, March mangos may bloom.
Divide and Conquer:
February or March may be the time to fertilize fig trees or weeping willows that experienced little growth the prior year. A soluble fertilizer works fine. Apply an iron sulphate to guava, top with compost and water well.
November, December, January, February, March April kiwi vines may bear fruit.
We can also harvest anise hyssop, dill, dandelion, nasturtiums, and pea blossoms.
In January or February, prune back the persimmon tree to maintain an open vase shape with evenly distributed branches. Cut branches that do not have a 45 degree angle from the trunk. Cut back 1/3 of each remaining branch to just beyond the outward facing bud. Try to maintain spacing of branches at 12" vertically.
In January and February, prune blueberry bushes while dormant. Remove diseased and broken wood and any crossover branches. Remove short, discolored branches. Prune 1/3 to 1/2 of the wood to create a narrow bottom and open branching which promotes healthy growth and bountiful production. For lowbush varieties (southern types), cut back half of the branches to the ground or alternate shearing blueberry plants to the ground.
Late February and early March, try propagating blueberries with softwood cuttings.
November, December, January, February, March prune apple and pear trees during dormancy. The ideal shape is open goblet with four or five main branches. Cut the main branches back 1/3 to just beyond the last properly facing bud.
December, January, February prune kiwi vines during dormancy. Remove dead, diseased and tangled wood, and shape to desired form.
The rule of pruning is to never remove more than 1/4 of the total plant. Always use sharp, sterile, quality pruning tools and disinfect them between cuts to prevent the spread of disease. Rodale has an excellent article on garden tool maintenance. This is a great time to prune hardwoods of fruit trees for shaping the overall shape.
Sow basil, carnation, dianthus, hollyhocks, nasturtium, pansy, pinks, snapdragon, sweet william, lemon verbena, and viola.
Transplant artichokes, lavender, mint, multiplier onions, oregano, potatoes and thyme.