January

Solanum melongena (Eggplant)
What's Growin On In January


In our area, this is when many trees drop leaves and go dormant, so don't be alarmed. When the leaves drop, this is a good time to restrict watering to a meager schedule.

November, December, January, February, March April kiwi vines may bear fruit. December, January, February, March mangos may bloom. Sapodilla may be blooming during December, January, February, March and April.






Divide and Conquer:


Feeding:


In January apply a slow release citrus fertlizer to citrus, avocado, black sapote, canistel, chiko sapote, guava, kiwi vines, mamey sapote, mangosteens, rambutans, soursop, white sapote.

Top mamey sapote, mangosteens and rambutans with compost, water well.

In December, January, February, March, April, May, June, July fertilize figs with soluble fertilizer if there was minimal growth the prior year.

Harvesting:


Mulching:


Planting:


Pruning:

In December, January and February prune allspice, avocado, when they are not actively growing.

In January or February, prune back the persimmon tree to maintain an open vase shape with evenly distributed branches. Cut branches that do not have a 45 degree angle from the trunk. Cut back 1/3 of each remaining branch to just beyond the outward facing bud. Try to maintain spacing of branches at 12" vertically.

In January and February, prune blueberry bushes while dormant.  Remove diseased and broken wood and any crossover branches.  Remove short, discolored branches.  Prune 1/3 to 1/2 of the wood to create a narrow bottom and open branching which promotes healthy growth and bountiful production.  For lowbush varieties (southern types), cut back half of the branches to the ground or alternate shearing blueberry plants to the ground.

November, December, January, February, March prune apple and pear trees during dormancy.  The ideal shape is open goblet with four or five main branches. Cut the main branches back 1/3 to just beyond the last properly facing bud.

December, January, February prune kiwi vines during dormancy.  Remove dead, diseased and tangled wood, and shape to desired form.

The general rule of pruning is to never remove more than 1/4 of the total plant. Always use sharp, sterile, quality pruning tools and disinfect them between cuts to prevent the spread of disease. Rodale has an excellent article on garden tool maintenance.

Sowing:


Sunning:


Shading:


Water:

If your using an easy watering solution, such as the Global bucket system, flush out the water, if possible. If you're looking for a self watering system, there are several DIY plans available online. Global buckets started with one design and now hosts several designs for self watering containers.