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Citrus × meyeri
What's Growin On In November

Cold weather is moving in, so we need to start thinking about frost protection. The covering should be light and extend to the ground. Put the covering on by 8 pm each night and then remove the covering by 9 am each morning. Young evergreen trees should have their trunks wrapped. Remember to check for aphids and other nuisance pests in the garden. Ehow has aphid control information. Natural predators of aphids include lacewings and praying mantis. You know lacewings are coming to the rescue when you see tiny white eggs at the ends of fine threads hanging from your plant leaves. If you aren't using a drip irrigation or other type of ground level water system, only water the plants while the sun is shining. Clean out dead branches for the trees and shrubs.

September, October, November guava may bloom.

Apply horticultural oil to fruit trees.  Horticultural Oils are petrolium or vegetable based lightweight oils. These oils are applied as a dilute spray on plant surfaces to control insects and mites. Neem oil is a popular choice.

Divide and Conquer

If you haven't divided the perennials, all is not lost. Perennials let you know they need division when flowers are smaller than normal, centers of the clumps that are hollow and dead, or when the bottom foliage is sparse and poor. If you must wait for a cloudy day with potential of rain in the forecast.


Following all the amending and rejuvinating, the feeding needs should be all set from September. If you feed this month always water first, then apply fertilizers to moist soils, and then continue with the rest of the water. Resume full fertilizing of established roses as the weather cools.


In October or November, fuyu persimmon may become ripe. Fuyu persimmons become fully orange when ripe and are edible when still firm.  They can be allowed to ripen more and eaten when soft as well.

In October or November, guava may become ripe. The guava is ripe when the color changes from bright green to a softer yellow green and maybe even a pink hue with a slightly soft feel, much like an avocado.  A ripe guava scent becomes musky, sweet and 'penetrating'.

October, November, December, January harvest bacupari (Garcinia gardneriana) and white sapote fruit.

November, December, January rambutans may be ripe.  Rambutans are ripe when the rounded part is a bright yellow, orange or red color (depending on variety)and the spikes are still green. When the spikes become black, they are overripe. The best time to prune rambutan is at the time of harvest. Prune rambutan to maintain a relatively short height and 3 or 4 main limbs well spaced.  Remove dried branches, water suckers and crossed branches.

November, December, January, February, March April kiwi vines may bear fruit.

Citrus should be ripening on the trees. Leave them on the trees until you're ready to consume them. Citrus can stay on the trees for quite some time. Harvest artichoke, basil, blackeye bean, green snap beans, lima beans, pinto beans, soy beans, yardlong beans, beets, bok choy, broccoli romanesco, chinese cabbage, carrots, cilantro, collards, corn, cucumbers, dill, eggplants, fennel, jicama, kale, leaf lettuce, melons, mint, mizuna, mustard greens, multiplier onions, oregano, peppers, pumpkins, rutabaga, spinach, summer and winter squash, sunfloers, sweet potato, swiss chard, thyme, tomatillo, tomato, turnips and watermelon. We can also harvest flowers, such as anise hyssop, basil blossoms, chicory,chrysanthemum, clover trifolium, common mallow, day lilies, nasturtiums, queen anne's lace, rosemary blossoms, sage blossoms, savory blossoms, sunflower, and zea mays corn shoots.


Investigate mulching options, such as planting compatible companion ground covers around the bottom of the big potted plants for a live mulch that can droop over the edges of the planter to keep the roots cooler and prevent evaporation.


Plant 3-5 gallon shrubs and 10-15 gallon trees. Plant globe artichoke, brocolli, cabbage, carrots, celery, mint, onions, scallions, oregano and thyme. Plant calendulas, dianthus and snapdragons in full sun. Plant dianthus, geraniums, and primrose in partial sun or partial shade. Plant bulbs in well-drained soil that is also high in compost or organic matter. Your bulbs should be planted with about two inches of sand beneath them. Cover with a coarse material such as peat moss, coconut coir or crushed wood products, such as bark. Plant Freesia and Gladiolus in clusters rather than in rows makes for a nice arrangement. Bulbs should be given a good soaking immediately after planting, and every seven to ten days after growth begins.


October, November remove unfruited kiwi shoots not required for the next season.  Cut erect water shoots to two or more buds.

The rule of pruning is to never remove more than 1/4 of the total plant. Always use sharp, sterile, quality pruning tools and disinfect them between cuts to prevent the spread of disease. Rodale has an excellent article on garden tool maintenance. Continue cutting unwanted sprouts from the interior canopy of your citrus trees. This makes it easier to harvest fruit and allows sunshine to help with photosynthesis. Keep the skirt of your citrus trees pruned and trimmed to about two or three feet from the ground. This permits a better air flow and minimizes chances of fungus. Keep spent rose blooms pruned.


We can sow seeds for arugula, fava beans, garbanzo beans, lentils, bok choy, raab broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cilantro, collards, dill, endive, fennel, garlic, kale, leek, lettuce, mizuna, mustard greens, multiplier onions, scallions, parsley, parsnips, peas, radishes, rutabaga, spinach, swiss chard and turnips. We can also sow calendula, carnation, dianthus, pinks, hollyhocks, pansy, carnation, dianthus, pinks, snapdragon, sweet william, lemon verbena, viola


We probably don't need a cold frame at this time, but it is good to be prepared! If you have one prepare it for the new year. If not, Mother Earth News has an article about growing veggies all year round with a couple of raised beds.


We don't really need any shade to protect plants from sunburn, and we aren't yet expecting any frost. So, during this time we really don't have anything to put over the plants.


Cut back watering of all trees and shrubs, but continue to water deep. Don't over water or fungus will grow.

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